US adviser headcount was largely unchanged in 2023 as the number of advisers grew by just 2,706 in 2022, according to The Cerulli Report—U.S. Advisor Metrics 2023.

The number of new advisers barely offsets trainee failures and retirements, emphasizing the critical need for the industry to attract and retain talent.

Over the next decade, 109,093 advisers plan to retire, comprising 37.5% of industry headcount and 41.5% of total assets. Meanwhile, the rookie failure rate hovers around 72%. As the industry grapples with such a low success rate for new advisers entering the industry, firms must grow their talent pipeline and better communicate the role and training timeline of a financial adviser.

According to Cerulli, only a small portion of rookies (13%) join the financial advice industry as the first job in their career; however, 40% of rookie advisers work in the financial services industry prior to becoming an adviser. To this end, professional networking and referrals could be as critical for firms building a pool of potential adviser candidates as it is for those looking to become financial advisers—nearly one-third (32%) of rookie advisers were referred by a personal contact.

Ramp-up time and responsibilities are important to growth, development, and retention. Rookie advisers generally start in roles focused on increasing practice efficiency and then shift into producers by being provided a natural progression in their roles and responsibilities.

Cerulli recommends senior advisers ensure sufficient learning opportunities are provided to younger team members for experience in client-facing and asset-gathering roles. Granting rookies opportunities for development better positions a practice for a potential transition, as well as achieving process continuity and job satisfaction, which will lead to longer-tenured staff.

“A strong partnership between a rookie adviser and their firm is often a key reason behind successful development,” said Andrew Blake, associate director. “Rookies rely upon strong mentorship from their peers, exposure to successful financial advisers, and increased training on various financial planning topics. It is crucial for RIAs and B/Ds to continue to develop programs and training methods to aid rookies in financial planning and other skills to adequately prepare them as they embark upon a new career as an adviser,” he concludes.

These findings and more are from The Cerulli Report—U.S. Advisor Metrics 2023: Specializing for Growth and Differentiation.