British citizen James Moore, 60, was sentenced on 1 February to 140 months in prison for helping design and operate a scheme to defraud more than 800 investors of more than $57m by making false and fraudulent representations about, among other things, the management, profitability, and operations of a co-working space company called Bar Works Inc. and related entities (Bar Works).

In addition to the prison term, Moore was sentenced to three years of supervised release and also ordered to pay restitution of $57,579,790.00, forfeiture of $1,599,257.46, and a fine of $50,000, said Damian Williams, the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York in a statement on the case. 

On June 7, 2019, Moore was found guilty of wire fraud and conspiracy to commit wire fraud following a week-long jury trial before United States District Judge Richard M. Berman, who also imposed today's sentence.

US Attorney Damian Williams said: "James Moore partnered with notorious fraudster Renwick Haddow to design a massive Ponzi scheme that lured hundreds of unsuspecting investors from around the world, and from which Moore and affiliated companies siphoned 65 percent of each of their recruited victims' investments. Moore then obstructed justice and lied about the scheme to federal agents. Today's lengthy sentence sends a clear message that perpetrators of investment fraud will be prosecuted and held accountable."

According to the allegations filed against James Moore and statements made in related court filings and proceedings, including his trial:

In late 2009, Moore partnered with Renwick Haddow, who is also a British citizen, to sell investments in a hotel scheme in which investors lost money.

Haddow had been disqualified as a director of any UK company for eight years, and later sued by the Financial Conduct Authority, a British regulator, for operating investment schemes through misrepresentations that lost investors substantially all of their money. These sanctions and lawsuit were publicized extensively online.

Beginning in 2015, Moore chose to partner with Haddow again, this time to solicit investments into Bar Works through material misrepresentations concerning, among other things, the identity of Bar Works' management and the financial condition of that company.

In order to conceal his role at Bar Works because of the negative publicity on the internet related to past investment schemes and government sanctions in the United Kingdom, Haddow adopted the alias "Jonathan Black."

Notwithstanding Haddow's control over Bar Works, Moore and others knowingly distributed the Bar Works offering materials listing Black as the chief executive officer of Bar Works and claiming that Black had an extensive background in finance and past success with start-up companies.

As Moore well knew, "Jonathan Black," was an entirely fictitious person, created to mask Haddow's control of Bar Works.

Among other things, Moore helped devise and distribute pitch materials that contained the misrepresentations.

Moore and an affiliated Spanish-based company, United Property Group, coordinated a substantial sales force to recruit investors knowing that the materials contained the falsehood.

Moore advised Haddow as to how to continue to conceal the truth concerning the identity of "Jonathan Black," and affirmatively represented to potential sales partners that he was communicating with CEO "Jonathan Black."

Moore also advised Haddow how to evade foreign law enforcement authorities. Moore personally received approximately $1.6m from Bar Works before helping to launch a competing co-working space investment project.

Moore repeatedly lied to the United States Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) and federal law enforcement agents to cover up his role in the Bar Works scheme.

On August 11, 2016 - while the Bar Works scheme was still operating - Moore participated in a recorded phone interview with the SEC and reiterated that Jonathan Black was a real person who he understood to be the CEO of Bar Works, notwithstanding knowing that Black was fake.

Moore claimed that he never asked to speak to Jonathan Black, even though in the prior months, Moore had been misrepresented to multiple agents that he was working closely with Black.

On February 15, 2017, Moore was interviewed by Internal Revenue Service (IRS) agents following his arrest for a separate investment scheme in connection with a development project he was promoting in Florida. In a videotaped interview, Moore lied and told agents he had not done anything for money since 2010, even though he had gotten approximately $1.6 million from Bar Works alone.

Moore's conviction is his second federal felony conviction related to property investments. He was previously convicted in 2018 of misprision of a felony for his role in a property investment fraud in Florida, for which he was sentenced to 18 months in prison.

Renwick Haddow, 53, pled guilty on May 23, 2019, to one count each of wire fraud and wire fraud conspiracy relating to the Bar Works scheme, and one count each of wire fraud and wire fraud conspiracy relating to a separate investment scheme involving Bitcoins. Haddow's sentencing is scheduled for April 8, 2022.

Savraj Gata-Aura, 35, pled guilty on November 18, 2019, to one count of wire fraud conspiracy for his participation in the scheme, and was sentenced to 48 months in prison on July 27, 2020, by Judge Jed. S. Rakoff.

Williams praised the investigative work of the Federal Bureau of Investigation and thanked the Securities and Exchange Commission, which has separately brought civil actions against Moore, Haddow, and Gata-Aura, for its assistance.

This case is being handled by the Office's Securities and Commodities Fraud Task Force. Assistant U.S. Attorney Vladislav Vainberg is in charge of the prosecution.